President Gamal Abdel Nasser was born in January 1918 at Benimor in Upper Egypt. He was educated in Cairo, and after one year’s reading of Law at the University, he transferred to the military academy in 1937.
He began his military career as sub-lieutenant at Mangabad, Asiuth province. In 1939 he was transferred to an infantry unit in Alexandria. There, he met likeminded officers, who together with him discussed the overthrow of the Faruk regime. Dissatisfied with conditions in the army, Nasser secured a transfer to the Sudan, where he spent two years. The Sudan period was followed by the military academy. There, he soon acquired many friends, who later became his close assistants, sharing adversity and happiness with him.
In the war in Palestine in 1948, Gamal Abdel Nasser, who was the front line, was seriously wounded. He was, thus, twice awarded the Fuad Star for bravery. In 1949, with seven of his closest friends, he formed a secret organization of progressive officers, which carried out a coup d’etat in the early hours of July 24, 1952, overthrowing the monarchy and driving king Faruk into exile. Delays in reforms, corruption in public offices, exploitation of Egypt by local and foreign capitalists, the poverty and indignity of the toiling farmers who were left with nothing, the stationing of British soldiers on the country’s soil were some, if not all, the reasons for Gamal Abdel Nassrer’s success.
H.E. Gamal Abdel Nasser was later elected as the country’s first president.